HTML, or Hyper Text Markup Language, is the language used to structure content on a website. HTML is the foundation of all websites and is what gives the webpage its structure. HTML is a markup language, meaning it uses tags to define elements, like headings, paragraphs, links, and images.
To get started with HTML, you’ll need a text editor and a web browser. Notepad or TextEdit will work just fine, and for your browser, we recommend Chrome or Firefox. Start by creating a new file and saving it with the .html extension. In your HTML file, you’ll want to begin with the basic structure of a webpage, which looks like this:
This code sets up the basic structure of a webpage, including the DOCTYPE declaration, the opening and closing HTML tags, the head section, and the body section. The title tag sets the title of the page, which appears in the browser tab. Within the body section, you can add your content using HTML tags. Here’s an example:
Welcome to my website!
This is some sample text for my website.
In this example, we’ve added a header tag with the title of the page, an h1 heading with some welcome text, a paragraph of sample text, and an image. Notice that the image tag includes the source attribute, which tells the browser where to find the image file, as well as the alt attribute, which provides alternative text in case the image can’t be displayed.
CSS, or Cascading Style Sheets, is used to style and format HTML content. CSS allows you to add colors, fonts, layouts, and other design elements to your website. CSS can be applied to individual HTML elements, groups of elements, or the entire webpage.
To get started with CSS, you’ll want to create a new file with the .css extension. In your HTML file, you’ll need to link to your CSS file using the link tag, like this:
Inside your CSS file, you can target specific HTML elements with selectors and apply styles using property-value pairs. Here’s an example:
font-family: Arial, sans-serif;
In this example, we’ve targeted the h1 element with the selector and applied styles using the color, font-family, and font-size properties. You can add as many styles as you like to your stylesheet and they will be applied to your HTML content.
Q. What’s the difference between HTML and CSS?
A. HTML is used to structure content on a webpage, while CSS is used to style and format that content.
Q. What’s the best text editor to use for web development?
A. There are many great text editors available for web development, including Notepad, Sublime Text, and Visual Studio Code.